An individual with obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviours is said to have obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), a prevalent mental health problem. Men, women, or kids anybody can suffer from OCD. While it typically begins in the early stages of adulthood, some people experience symptoms as soon as they hit puberty. Women can sometimes have OCD during pregnancy or after their baby is born.
OCD sufferers avoid getting help because they are embarrassed or ashamed of themselves. There is no reason to be ashamed or embarrassed about having OCD because it is a disease like any other. If you suspect a friend or member of your family has OCD, advise them to consult the Best Psychiatrist in karachi. Without adequate care and assistance, OCD only gets worse.
Treatment can help you keep OCD under control even though it can be distressing and greatly interfere with your life.
OCD’s root cause is unclear. A variety of elements, such as the following could be involved in causing this disorder:
- Family history: If you have a family member with OCD, you are more likely to develop it, this happens due to genetics.
- Differences in the brain: Some OCD sufferers have serotonin levels that are abnormally low or regions of their brains that are unusually active.
- Life events: Studies prove that OCD is more prevalent in people who have experienced bullying, abuse, or neglect. The condition also develops following a significant life event, such as childbirth or a bereavement.
- Personality: Those who have high personal standards and are neat, systematic, thorough, or worried in general or who feel a great deal of responsibility for both oneself and others may be more susceptible to develop OCD.
Symptoms of OCD
OCD patients frequently experience obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviours.
- An obsession is an unwanted and unpleasant thought, image or urge that repeatedly enters your mind, causing feelings of anxiety, disgust or unease.
- Compulsion is a repetitive behaviour or mental act that you feel the need to do temporarily to relieve the unpleasant feelings brought on by the obsessive thought.
It is advised to visit the Best psychiatrist in Lahore, if you or a loved one shows above mentioned symptoms.
OCD can be treated successfully in order to lessen the negative effects it has on your life.
Primary therapies recommended to treat OCD include:
- You can confront your anxieties and obsessive thoughts with talking therapy, typically cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT).
- Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), a type of antidepressant medication, are frequently prescribed to OCD patients. These medications work by changing the chemical balance in the brain.
Managing life with OCD
OCD sufferers can definitely have normal, fulfilling lives just like other people. These are habits and practices you can adopt to lessen anxiety and manage your OCD symptoms:
- Practice mindfulness to manage stress
OCD is characterised by elevated anxiety levels and the presence of intrusive thoughts. By using mindfulness, you can lessen both symptoms.
Being mindful means having the capacity to embrace your experience in its whole without passing judgment on it or feeling the desire to flee from it.
- Get into the habit of exercising
Fighting OCD tension and anxiety with exercise works really well. When intrusive ideas and compulsions appear, it can be helpful to redirect your mind. Experts recommend at least 30 minutes of physical activity every day to OCD patients.
- Get enough sleep
Sleep is like an antidote for anxiety. OCD sufferers are prone to insomnia. In order to manage OCD symptoms you must get a good sleep. Working on your routine and practicing breathing exercises before bedtime helps OCD sufferers in sleeping better.
- Avoid nicotine and alcohol
It is a common misconception that taking nicotine and alcohol can help ease OCD symptoms. In Fact nicotine and alcohol only make OCD symptoms worse so it is better if OCD sufferers abstain from using them.
- Reach out to family and friends
Isolation can make OCD symptoms worse, so make sure you prioritize spending quality time with people you care about.
- ERP therapy
OCD is a vicious cycle. It takes control of your mind and persuades you that the only way to deal with bothersome thoughts is by engaging in compulsive behaviours. The first-line treatment for OCD is exposure and response prevention (ERP) therapy since it helps patients learn to live differently.
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